WASHINGTON — The United States and Qatar have reached a deal to resolve a years-old quarrel over alleged airline subsidies, seven individuals familiar with the deal said Monday, as Qatar’s government works to defuse tensions with the Trump administration.
The agreement will see state-owned Qatar Airways agree voluntarily to open up its accounting books, the individuals said. U.S. airlines say the company receives billions of dollars in government payments that leave them at a competitive disadvantage. Qatar will also make a loose commitment that the flag carrier won’t launch flights to the United States from Europe or other non-Qatari cities, creating yet more competition for the U.S. airlines.
The individuals briefed on the agreement demanded anonymity because they weren’t authorized to discuss it ahead of a formal announcement, expected Tuesday when Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis meet with the visiting Qatari foreign and defence ministers.
Both sides of the dispute can claim the agreement as a victory ‚Äî for very different reasons.
The U.S. airline industry can claim the increased transparency will create a powerful disincentive to unfair subsidies, as Qatar will no longer be able to mask such payments through creative accounting. The three major U.S. carriers ‚Äî Delta Airlines, American Airlines and United Airlines ‚Äî have spent huge sums over the last three years pressing the Obama administration and Trump administration for tough action. They’re eager to show a win.
Yet for Qatar, the agreement averts the more serious step U.S. airlines wanted: re-opening the so-called open-skies treaties that could lead to less favourable conditions for Persian Gulf airlines.
Qatar, denounced by President Donald Trump last year for allegedly funding terrorism, can also show it’s co-operating closely and productively with U.S. regulators. That could help the tiny gas-rich kingdom draw a contrast with the United Arab Emirates, whose two airlines are also accused of improper subsidies but have yet to reach an agreement with Washington.
“Everybody gets to claim victory in this,” said Helane Becker, an airline analyst for Cowen and Co.
Indeed, even before any announcement, American, the world’s biggest airline by passenger traffic, praised the deal as a way to “thoughtfully address” Qatari subsidies. And United CEO Oscar Munoz applauded the agreement while thanking Trump’s administration for “effectively representing the interests of the American aviation industry.”
Though on the same side of the airline dispute, Qatar and the UAE oppose each other in a bitter, unrelated standoff. Last year, the UAE, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf nations blockaded Qatar after accusing it of supporting extremism and fomenting dissent throughout the region. Qatar hopes to change that narrative by enhancing counterterrorism co-operation and allowing greater U.S. visibility into its finances and banking practices.
In an eight-paragraph document laying out “understandings” between Qatar and the U.S., the Gulf nation will commit within one year to releasing audited financial statements for Qatar Airlines “in accordance with internationally-recognized accounting standards,” according to a text of the agreement obtained by The Associated Press. Within two years, Qatar Airways is to disclose any transactions with other state-owned entities, such as caterers or other companies that support airline operations, closing what the U.S. airlines have claimed is a backdoor used by Gulf nations to hide illicit subsidies.
A side-letter to the agreement will state that Qatar’s civilian aviation authority is unaware of any plans by Qatar Airlines to start so-called “Fifth Freedoms” flights ‚Äî routes from third countries to the United States. Under the scenario U.S. airlines fear, Qatar Airways could offer flights from its Doha hub to, say, Paris or London, stop to pick up more passengers, then fly on to New York.
The side-letter only says there are no current plans to operate such service. That’s short of a binding guarantee. There’s also no commitment Qatar Airways won’t expand its offering of Qatar-U.S. flights.
“This appears to be the administration essentially throwing a meatless bone to the three U.S. carriers to put an end to their rants against the Gulf carriers,” said John Byerly, who was the chief open skies negotiator in the Obama administration and has also consulted for Emirates Airline and UPS.
The two UAE airlines ‚Äî Dubai-based Emirates and Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways ‚Äî aren’t a party to the U.S.-Qatar agreement. Emirates Airline currently offers “Fifth Freedom” flights in which passengers can fly from New York-area airports to Milan, Italy or Athens without ever setting foot in the UAE.
All three Gulf airlines have long denied receiving unfair government subsidies. A Qatari government spokesman declined to comment on the agreement. There was no immediate reaction from either Emirates or Etihad.
A State Department official said the U.S. planned to pursue talks with the Emiratis and address subsidy concerns. An individual familiar with planning for those talks said they could begin within weeks.