Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Search intensifies for missing plane

KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia—The search for the missing Malaysian jet pushed deep into the northern and southern hemispheres today.
Australia scoured the southern Indian Ocean while Kazakhstan—more than 10,000 km to the northwest—answered Malaysia’s call for help in the unprecedented hunt.

French investigators arriving in Kuala Lumpur to lend expertise from the two-year search for an Air France jet that crashed into the Atlantic Ocean in 2009 said they were able to rely on distress signals.
But that vital tool is missing in the Malaysia Airlines mystery because flight 370’s communications deliberately were severed ahead of its disappearance more than a week ago, investigators said.
“It’s very different from the Air France case. The Malaysian situation is much more difficult,” stressed Jean Paul Troadec, a special adviser to France’s aviation accident investigation bureau.
Malaysian authorities say the jet carrying 239 people intentionally was diverted from its flight path during an overnight flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing on March 8 and flew off-course for several hours.
Suspicion has fallen on the pilots, although Malaysian officials have said they are looking into everyone aboard the flight.
Malaysian police confiscated a flight simulator from the pilot’s home on Saturday, and also visited the home of the co-pilot in what Malaysian police chief Khalid Abu Bakar initially said was the first police visits to those homes.
But the government—which has come under criticism abroad for missteps and foot-dragging in their release of information—issued a statement today contradicting that account by saying police first visited the pilots’ homes as early as March 9, the day after the flight.
Investigators haven’t ruled out hijacking, sabotage, pilot suicide, or mass murder.
They are checking the backgrounds of all 227 passengers and 12 crew members, as well as the ground crew, to see if links to terrorists, personal problems, or psychological issues could be factors.
For now, though, Malaysian Defence minister Hishammuddin Hussein said finding the plane still was the main focus—and he did not rule out finding it intact.
“The fact that there was no distress signal, no ransom notes, no parties claiming responsibility, there is always hope,” Hishammuddin said at a news conference.
Malaysian Airlines CEO Ahmad Jauhari Yahya said an initial investigation indicated that the co-pilot, Fariq Abdul Hamid, spoke the flight’s last words—“All right, good night”—to ground controllers.
Had it been a voice other than that of Fariq or the pilot, Zaharie Ahmad Shah, it would have clearest indication yet of something amiss in the cockpit before the flight went off-course.
Malaysian officials earlier said those words came after one of the jetliner’s data communications systems—the Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System—had been switched off, sharpening suspicion that one or both of the pilots may have been involved in the plane’s disappearance.
However, Ahmad said today that while the last data transmission from ACARS—which gives plane performance and maintenance information—came before that, it still was unclear at what point the system was switched off.
That opened the possibility that both ACARS and the plane’s transponders—which make the plane visible to civilian air traffic controllers—were severed later and at about the same time.
Although Malaysian authorities requested that all nations with citizens aboard the flight conduct background checks on them, it wasn’t clear how thoroughly they were conducting such checks at home.
The father of a Malaysian aviation engineer aboard the plane, Mohamad Khairul Amri Selamat, 29, said police had not approached anyone in the family about his son, though he added there was no reason to suspect him.
“It is impossible for him to be involved in something like this,” said the father, Selamat Omar, 60.
“He is a good boy. . . .
“We are keeping our hopes high,” he added. “I am praying hard that the plane didn’t crash and that he will be back soon.”
Malaysia’s government, in the meantime, sent out diplomatic cables to all countries in the search area, seeking more planes and ships for the search, as well as to ask for any radar data that might help narrow the task.
Some 26 countries are involved in the search, which initially focused on seas on either side of peninsular Malaysia—in the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca.
Over the weekend, however, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announced investigators determined that a satellite picked up a faint signal from the aircraft about seven-and-a-half hours after take-off.
The signal indicated the plane would have been somewhere on a vast arc stretching from Kazakhstan down to the southern reaches of the Indian Ocean.
The southern Indian Ocean is the world’s third-deepest and one of the most remote stretches of water in the world, with little radar coverage.

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