WASHINGTON—U.S. President Donald Trump chose Brett Kavanaugh, a solidly-conservative, politically-connected judge, for the Supreme Court, setting up a ferocious confirmation battle with Democrats as he seeks to shift the nation's highest court ever further to the right.
A favourite of the Republican legal establishment in Washington, Kavanaugh, 53, is a former law clerk for retiring Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Like Trump's first nominee last year, Justice Neil Gorsuch, Kavanaugh would be a young addition who could help remake the court for decades to come with rulings that could restrict abortion, expand gun rights, and roll back key parts of Obamacare.
“He is a brilliant jurist, with a clear and effective writing style, universally regarded as one of the finest and sharpest legal minds of our time,” Trump said in his prime-time televised White House announcement last night.
“There is no one in America more qualified for this position, and no one more deserving,” he added.
With Kavanaugh, Trump is replacing a swing vote on the nine-member court with a staunch conservative.
Kavanaugh, who serves on the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, is expected to be less receptive to abortion and gay rights than Kennedy was.
He also has taken an expansive view of executive power and has favoured limits on investigating the president.
Speaking at the White House, Kavanaugh pledged to preserve the Constitution and said that “a judge must be independent and must interpret the law, not make the law.”
“A judge must interpret the Constitution as written,” he added.
A senior White House official said Trump made his final decision on the nomination Sunday evening, then phoned Kavanaugh to inform him.
The official said Trump decided on Kavanaugh because of his large body of jurisprudence cited by other courts, describing him as a judge that other judges read.
Yesterday, Trump phoned retiring Justice Kennedy to inform him that his former law clerk would be nominated to fill his seat.
Trump signed Kavanaugh's nomination papers yesterday evening in the White House residence.
Top contenders had included federal appeals judges Raymond Kethledge, Amy Coney Barrett, and Thomas Hardiman.
Some conservatives have expressed concerns about Kavanaugh, questioning his commitment to social issues like abortion and noting his time serving under former president George W. Bush as evidence he is a more establishment choice.
But his supporters have cited his experience and wide range of legal opinions.
With Democrats determined to vigorously oppose Trump's choice, the Senate confirmation battle is expected to dominate the months leading up to November's mid-term elections.
Senate Republicans only hold a 51-49 majority, leaving them hardly any margin if Democrats hold the line.
Democratic senators running for re-election in states Trump carried in 2016 will face pressure to back his nominee.
Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnell called Kavanaugh “a superb choice” and said senators would start meeting with him this week.
Some Republican senators had favoured other options. Rand Paul of Kentucky had expressed concerns but tweeted that he looked forward to meeting with Kavanaugh “with an open mind.”
But Democrats and liberal advocacy groups quickly lined up in opposition.
Signalling the fight ahead on abortion rights, Dawn Laguens, executive vice-president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, said in a statement: “There's no way to sugarcoat it: With this nomination, the constitutional right to access safe, legal abortion in this country is on the line.”
Democrats have turned their attention to pressuring two Republicans—Sens. Susan Collins of Maine and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska—to oppose any nominee who threatens Roe v. Wade.
The two have supported access to abortion services.
Kavanaugh is likely to be more conservative than Justice Kennedy on a range of social issues. At the top of that list is abortion.
A more conservative majority could be more willing to uphold state restrictions on abortion, if not overturn the 45-year-old landmark Roe v. Wade decision that established a woman's constitutional right.
Kennedy's replacement also could be more willing to allow states to carry out executions, and could support undoing earlier court holdings in the areas of racial discrimination in housing and the workplace.
Kennedy provided a decisive vote in 2015 on an important fair housing case.