JOHANNESBURG — Rapidly rising floodwaters have created “an inland ocean” in Mozambique endangering scores of thousands of families, as aid organizations scramble to rescue and provide food to survivors of Cyclone Idai.
Mozambique’s swollen rivers have already flooded huge expanses of the country and continued rains are causing the waters to rise, endangering people on rooftops and clinging to treetops, said emergency workers.
“This is a major humanitarian emergency that is getting bigger by the hour,” said Herve Verhoosel of the World Food Program on Tuesday. Large numbers of people are “crammed on rooftops and elevated patches of land outside the port city of Beira” and WFP is rescuing as many as possible and providing airdrops of food, water and blankets, he said.
Mozambique’s Pungue and Buzi rivers have overflowed, creating “inland oceans extending for miles and miles in all directions,” said Verhoosel. Central Mozambique faces further flooding as dams have reached 95 per cent to 100 per cent capacity and heavy rains are expected to continue until Thursday.
“People visible from the air may be the lucky ones and the top priority now is to rescue as many as possible and ferry them to safety,” he said.
Four tons of high-energy biscuits are being air dropped Monday as part of 20 tons of food that WFP will distribute, he said.
A statement says the extent of the damage is not yet known as many areas remain impassible. With key roads washed away, aid groups are trying to get badly needed food, medicine and fuel into the hard-hit port city of Beira by air and sea.
WFP says the city could face a “serious fuel shortage” in the coming days and that Beira’s power grid is expected to be non-functional through the end of the month.
Cyclone Idai created massive damage as it swept across central Mozambique before dropping huge amounts of rain in Zimbabwe’s eastern mountains. That rainfall is now rushing back through Mozambique further inundating the already flooded countryside.
“It’s dire,” Caroline Haga of the Red Cross told The Associated Press from Beira. “We did an aerial surveillance yesterday and saw people on rooftops and in tree branches. The waters are still rising and we are desperately trying to save as many as possible.”
Satellite images are helping the rescue teams to target the most critical areas, said Haga.
“We’re in a very scary situation,” she said. Rescue operations are based at Beira airport, which is one of the few places in the city that has communications.
The waters have flooded a swath of land more than 30 miles wide flooded in central Mozambique, said the aid group, Save the Children.
The lives of more than 100,000 people are at risk from the overflowing rivers, said the group in a statement.
“The assessment emerging from Mozambique today is chilling,” said Machiel Pouw, Save the Children’s response leader in Mozambique. “Thousands of children lived in areas completely engulfed by water. In many places, no roofs or tree tops are even visible above the floods. In other areas, people are clinging to rooftops desperately waiting to be rescued.”
The statement says torrential rain is still lashing the region, adding that Buzi town could be entirely submerged within 24 hours.
Save the Children, which works in co-ordination with Mozambique’s government, says three trucks of relief items are on their way to Beira, the major city in the affected region which took “the full force” of the cyclone.
The flooding disaster is also affecting Malawi and Zimbabwe where hundreds are dead, many more are missing and thousands are at risk.
Mozambique’s President Filipe Nyusi has said the death toll could reach as high as 1,000. Although emergency workers warn they do not know whether the fatalities will reach that estimate, they say this is the region’s most destructive flooding in 20 years.
Hardest hit is Mozambique’s Beira port, a city of 500,000 where thousands of homes have been destroyed.
The city and surrounding areas have no power and nearly all communication lines have been destroyed. Beira’s main hospital has been badly damaged. The cities of Dondo and Chimoio in central Mozambique are also badly affected.
The medical charity Doctors Without Borders said its work in Beira and other local health centres had “ceased completely” but it was working to resume operations. The group anticipates that water and hygiene needs will remain high in the coming days.
In Zimbabwe the death toll has risen to 98, the government said. The mountain town of Chimanimani was badly hit. Several roads leading into the town have been cut off, with the only access by helicopter.
Malawi’s government has confirmed 56 deaths, three missing and 577 injured amid the severe flooding. Rivers have burst their banks, leaving many houses submerged and around 11,000 households displaced in the southern district of Nsanje.
Neighbouring Tanzania’s military airlifted some 238 tons of emergency food and medicine to the three affected countries.